Hunger’s Consequences to Health and Education
- 3 times more likely for children to be suspended from school.
- 2 times more likely for children to repeat a grade.
- 2 times more likely for children to require special education.
- 2.5 times more likely for women to be obese.
- 2 times more likely for individuals to develop diabetes.
- 3 times more likely for individuals to suffer from poor health.
Pennsylvania’s Hunger Bill: $6.12 billion
- A 29% increase from the costs associated with hunger in 2007 (does not include administration costs of key food and nutrition programs).
- Pennsylvania is 1 of 12 states whose hunger costs rose more than $1 billion since 2007.
Health Costs: $4.77 billion
- Malnutrition compromises the immune system, making the hungry more vulnerable to disease.
- Hungry individuals are 1.3 times more likely to be hospitalized and require longer, expensive in‐patient stays.
- Healthcare for malnourished patients costs 3 times more compared to healthy patients.
- Hospital stays are 3 times longer for malnourished patients.
Education Costs: $704 million
- 3 out of 5 K‐8 public school teachers in the U.S. report seeing children regularly coming to school hungry.
- Children from food insecure households are more likely to struggle in school, fail, be held back, or drop out altogether.
- Earning capacity is largely determined by an individual’s educational achievement. When hunger interferes, a lifetime of earning capacity is impacted. A high school graduate earns, on average, $8,915 more each year than someone who never graduated.
Food Assistance Programs Reduce Food Insecurity and its Negative Impacts
- For every $5 of SNAP benefits used for food, up to $9 in economic activity is generated.
- SNAP helped 1.8 million Pennsylvanians avoid hunger by supplementing the family’s monthly food budget.
- WIC saves between $1.77 and $3.13 for every dollar spent in Medicaid costs.
- Research shows that the National School Breakfast Program helps children perform better in school, concentrate in class, and reduces the number of visits to the school nurse.
- The Commodity Supplemental Nutrition Program (CSFP) helps low‐income seniors maintain the proper nutrition needed to reduce the risk of chronic illness.