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Food & Nutrition Assistance Programs

Advocacy List

Table of Contents

 

Pennsylvania’s Food Programs: A Reference Guide by Pennsylvania Hunger Action Center

CHILD & ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM (CACFP)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service

USDA administers the program at the Federal level.  Find out more information about how the program works and other useful resources and tools.

PA Department of Education, Food and Nutrition Services

The Pennsylvania Department of Education administers the program at the state level. Find out more about the history of the program,  eligibility requirements, and other helpful pieces of information.

The CACFP Sponsor's Association

A site specifically designed for CACFP sponsors with a resource center and information about advocacy, public policy, and upcoming conferences.

Food Research and Action Center

Find out more information about how the program works, how you can start an afterschool meal program, and information about participation rates and trends.

CACFP At-Risk Afterschool Meals Best Practices, 2011

A report by the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Research and Analysis.

 

COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM (CSFP)

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank

With the help of Hunger-Free Pennsylvania, the Food Bank is responsible for distributing the monthly "senior boxes" in several counties in southwestern Pennsylvania. 

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service

The USDA administers the program at the Federal level. Find out more information about eligibility, how the program works, and other interesting information.

PA Department of Agriculture

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, in partnership with Hunger-Free Pennsylvania, administers the program at the state level. Find out more information about the program, income guidelines, and trainings available.

Hunger-Free Pennsylvania

In partnership with the Pennsyvlania Department of Agriculture, administers the program at the state level. Find out more information about participation rates in Pennsylvania.

Feeding America

Find out more information about the history of the program, which states participate, and policy concerns and priorities.

 

CONGREGATE & HOME-DELIVERED MEALS

Administration on Aging

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration on Aging (AOA) administers these programs at the Federal level. Find out more information about the purpose of the programs and eligibility requirements.

PA Department of Aging

The Pennsylvania Department of Aging administers the programs at the state level. Find out more information about the programs, copies of brochures, and how and where you can receive the meals if you qualify.

 

FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank

The Food Bank's Farm Stand locations accept Farmers' Market Nutrition Program checks. Find out more about the Farm Stand Project and the schedule for this upcoming season.

WIC Farmers' Market Nutrition Program

Administered by the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service at the Federal level. Find out more information about the program available for WIC participants.

Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program

Administered by the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service at the Federal level. Find out more information about the program available for older adults.

PA Department of Agriculture

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture administers the program at the state level. Find out more information about the program, participation rates, which farm stands and markets are authorized to accept the checks, and how to apply to be authorized to accept the checks.

 

SCHOOL MEALS

U.S. Department of Agriculture

The USDA's Food and Nutrition Service administers these programs at the Federal level. Find out more information about the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs, the Special Milk Program, and the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.

PA Department of Education

The Pennsylvania Department of Education's Food and Nutrition Services administers these programs at the state level. Find out more information about the history and purpose of these programs, as well as participation rates.

Food Research and Action Center

Find out more information about eligibility for school meal programs, how to conduct outreach, and other helpful resources.

Breakfast for Health

Food Research and Action Center, 2011.

Participation in the school breakfast program is associated with:

  • Decreased risk of food insecurity and higher intakes of vital nutrients.
  • Improved attendance, behavior and academic performance.
  • Lower body mass index (BMI) - leading to lower rates of obesity in children.
  • Less visits to the school nurse.
  • Decreased tardiness and hyperactivity.

Hunger in our Schools

Share Our Strength's Teachers Report, 2010.

  • 96% of teachers find breakfast very important or extremely important to academic success.
  • 7 out of 10 teachers believe schools should be providing summer meals to children.

 

STATE FOOD PURCHASE PROGRAM

PA Department of Agriculture

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture administers this state-funded program. Find out more information about the program, eligibility requirements, and participation rates.

Hunger-Free Pennsylvania

Find out information about the funding history and numbers of people eligible for the program in Pennsylvania.   

 

SUMMER FOOD SERVICE PROGRAM

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank

This program helps reach hungry kids during the summer months, when school is out.  The Food Bank conducts Summer Food Service Program outreach in 4 counties: Beaver, Fayette, Greene, and Lawrence Counties.  Find a program near you...

U.S. Department of Agriculture

The USDA's Food and Nutrition Service administers the program at the Federal level. Find out information about how the program works, how to become a sponsor or site, how to do outreach, and upcoming webinars.

PA Department of Education

The Pennsylvania Department of Education's Food and Nutrition Services administers the program at the state level. Find out more information about the history of the program. 

Feeding America

Find out more information about how the program works and its legislative history.

Hunger Doesn't Take a Vacation

Food Research and Action Center, 2011.

National and state level data about participation rates in the Summer Food Service Program for the summers of 2009 and 2010. Additionally, information about ideas for policy and administrative changes to the program are provided.

 

SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (SNAP / Food Stamps)

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank

The Food Bank conducts SNAP outreach - helping people who are eligible for the benefits apply to the program - in 4 counties. Contact our SNAP outreach coordinator for more information.

U.S. Department of Agriculture

The USDA's Food and Nutrition Service administers the program at the Federal level. Find out more information about eligibility requirements, how to apply for benefits, how to apply to accept SNAP benefits at your business, and other interesting information.

PA Department of Public Welfare

The Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare administers the program at the state level. Find out how to apply for benefits and other important information.

SNAP Benefits Pennsylvania

Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank. 2012.

  • Approximately 1.8 million Pennsylvanians receive SNAP benefits.
  • 72% of voters believe SNAP is important for the country.
  • 8% of supermarket sales come from SNAP purchases - Pennsylvania has 1,438 supermarkets state-wide.
  • Pennsylvania's SNAP fraud rate is less than 0.01% - one of the lowest in the country.

Characteristics of SNAP Households: Fiscal Year 2011

USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Research and Analysis. Nov. 2012.

Approximately 1.7 million Pennsylvanians participated in SNAP during fiscal year 2011. Out of all Pennsylvania households that received SNAP benefits...

  • 41.3% had a child in the home
  • 21% had an elderly person in the home
  • 29.7% had a disabled, nonelderly person in the home
  • 46.4% had income (solely cash income) below the official federal poverty line - $11,170 for 1 person in 2012.  32.3% had income below half of the federal poverty line. 

Building a Healthy America: A Profile of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Research and Analysis. Apr. 2012.

  • In fiscal year 2011, 1 in 7 Americans participated in SNAP -- nearly half of all SNAP participants were children.  71% of all SNAP benefits distributed go to households with children.
  • 230,000 retailers throughout the nation were authorized to accept SNAP benefits.
  • If SNAP benefits were included in the official measures of income and poverty, the program would have lifted 3.9 million people above the poverty level.

The SNAP Vaccine: Boosting Children's Health

Children's HealthWatch. Feb. 2012.

Children who received SNAP benefits - compared to those eligible but not receiving the benefits - were less likely...

  • To be underweight.
  • To have developmental delays.
  • To be food insecure.

The Food Assistance National Input-Output Multiplier (FANIOM) Model and Stimulus Effects

Kenneth Hanson. USDA, Economic Research Service. Oct. 2010.

  • Every $1 of SNAP benefits generates about $1.79 in economic activity (GDP).
  • A $1 billion increase in SNAP benefits would generate up to 17,900 jobs.
  • "An increase in SNAP benefits provides a fiscal stimulus to the economy during an economic downturn."

How Much Does SNAP Reduce Food Insecurity?

Caroline Ratcliffe and Signe-Mary McKernan. The Urban Institute. March 2010.

  • The receipt of SNAP benefits reduces the likelihood of food insecurity by 31.2%. 

Food Stamps as Medicine: A New Perspective on Children's Health

Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program. Feb. 2007.

  • Approximately 1/2 of all SNAP (food stamp) recipients are children.
  • Food insecure children are 3x more likely to be hospitalized than food secure children.
  • Food insecurity can lead to iron deficiency anemia, deficits in cognitive development, and behavioral issues.
  • Children receiving SNAP benefits are 26% less likely to be food insecure than children who are eligible for, but not participating in, the program.

 

THE EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (TEFAP)

Feeding America

Find out more about the importance of TEFAP to charitable food assistance providers - like food banks - and how the food gets to people in need.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers TEFAP at the federal level. Find out about the history of the program, who's eligible for the food, or browse USDA's FAQs or program fact sheet pages.

PA Department of Agriculture

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture administers TEFAP at the state level. Find out more about the program's history, eligibility requirements, and download statistics or related forms.

 

THE SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS & CHILDREN (WIC)

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is responsible for administering WIC at the federal level. Find out about how the program is funded, how the program works, who is eligible, and other interesting pieces of information.

PA Department of Health

The Pennsylvania Department of Health is responsible for administering WIC at the state level. Find out more about how to apply for the program, local WIC agency contact information, research about the program, and various other resources. 

WIC Participation and Attenuation of Stress-Related Child Health Risks of Houshold Food Insecurity and Caregiver Depressive Symptoms

Black, Maureen M., et al. May 2012.

  • Participants of the WIC program were less likely to be food insecure and show symptoms of depression than people not participating in the program.
  • Children in homes participating in the WIC program were more likely to be categorized as a 'well child' than those in homes not participating in the program.